Andean Tiger Hound
Among the rarest of breeds is the Double-Nosed Andean Tiger Hound. They have only been spotted in Bolivia and have only made it into popular press a few times. The first known report was from the early 20th century, created by explorer Percy Fawcett. This breed stands apart from the rest due to their ‘double nose’. This looks almost exactly like a normal dog nose, but the nostrils are divided by skin and fur. The story goes that this helps them have a greatly-improved sense of smell. This breed is almost unheard of. It is recognized by no major kennel club and has a mysterious past that can only be speculated on. There are very few of these dogs in the States – if there are any at all – and they are among the least common canines in the world. Despite this, they are actually quite prevalent in their homeland. However, nearly every example of the breed lives in Bolivia with very few ever being exported.
The Pachon Navarro
The Pachon Navarro is a breed of gundog, native to Navarre, Spain, located in the foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains. The breed is also known as the Old Spanish Pointer, but actually it is one of several native Spanish breeds directly descended from the now extinct Old Spanish Pointer. Other direct descendants are the Majorcan Pointer, the Perdiguero de Burgos, and the Perdiguero Gallego. However, of the four descendants, the Pachon Navarro, most closely resembles their shared ancestor. The Panchon Navarro is also known as the Old Spanish Pointer, Perdiguero Navarro, Navarro Pointer, and Pachon De Victoria.
The Pachón Navarro is a Spanish hunting dog (also known as: Old Spanish Pointer, Perdiguero Navarro, Navarro Pointer, Pachón de Victoria, Nafarroako eper txakur) which has the unusual feature of a split or double nose. It was believed that this unusual nose gives it extra sensitivity to smells, a primary reason it was chosen as a hunting dog. Today it is known that this feature is only a cosmetic difference.
The Catalburun is a Turkish pointer known for its distinct double nose. It was believed that this unusual nasal structure gave the breed an advantage in hunting because of an extra sensitivity to smells. But breeders have since realized that the divided nose is just a cosmetic feature and offers no real edge over a typical canine sniffer, says Craig Koshyk, author of “Pointing Dogs.”
Because the characteristic can lead to a seriously cleft palate, some breeders are no longer finding the double nose a positive trait and have stopped breeding for the characteristic. The breed’s name in Turkish is derived from “catal” meaning fork and “burun” meaning nose.